[DEUTSCH] Kafka mit dem iPad – eine produktionsorientierte Methode

Eine der Schwierigkeiten bei der Interpretation von Franz Kafkas Parabel “Kleine Fabel” ist die räumliche Struktur, die in nur wenigen Worten skizziert wird. Um ein räumliches Verständnis sicherzustellen und dieses dann fruchtbar für eine Interpretation zu machen, eignen sich produktionsorientierte Verfahren.

Die iPad App Adobe Spark Video bietet die Möglichkeit, ohne große Vorkenntnisse und recht schnell eine Visualisierung der Handlung in einem Film zu produzieren. Bild, Ton und Text zusammen bilden dann eine reichhaltige Diskussionsgrundlage für eine Interpretation des vertrackten Textes.

Hier sind drei unterschiedliche Schüler(innen)beispiele:


[DEUTSCH] Landkarte eines Gedankenspaziergangs

Bei der Schreibplanung von Essays verwenden meine Schüler oft diese “Gedanken-Landkarte”. Sie soll, indem sie die Metapher des Gesankenspaziergangs visualisiert, Gedankenbewegungen sichtbar machen. Ich halte sie für besonders hilfreich, um vom recht unsortierten Ideenchaos nach einem ersten Brainstorming zu einer konkreten Schreibplanung zu kommen. Außderdem regt die “Gedanken-Landkarte” zu größerer Gedankenvielfalt an.

Die Methode ähnelt dem sogenannten Concept-Mapping, ist aber stärker vorstrukturiert im Sinne eines flexiblen Lerngerüsts (Scaffolding).


[English] PPP – practice, practice, practice

This blog post is based on a lesson a trainee teacher taught in my B1 class a few weeks ago. Her lesson revolved around a YouTube video, in which a teenager is presenting her favourite TV shows. The goal of the lesson was to enable students to talk about their own favourite TV shows using the language modelled in the video. It unfolded through a PPP (presentation, practice, production) sequence. Such a sequence, however, goes much too quickly from presentation to production, when it is applied to a single lesson. In reality, language structures have to be practiced a lot more thoroughly before they can be produced freely. You have to put a stress on the second of the three Ps in order not to sacrifice learning for progression. Therefore I tried to outline a series of practice and recycling activities that would make sure that the new language items would “stick”.

So, first, here is a simplified version of the first P – the presentation:

Pre-listening task

Write down the titles of popular TV shows on pieces of paper and spread these around the classroom. Leave a few of the pieces blank.

Now, have your students stroll around the room. When they find a title they like, they stop there and start talking with the others about the show. If students don’t find one they like, they can take one of the blank pieces of paper and write the title of a show they like on it.

Listening tasks

Write the following tasks on the board:

1. Listen to the video. Try to understand as much as possible.

2. Which one of the shows mentioned would you like to watch most?

Share the reasons for your choice with your neighbour.

3. Listen again. Collect important chunks of language and organize them along the categories listed below.

4. Compare your results with those of your neighbour.

Of course, it would also be possible to flip the listening part and have the students do it at home.

Now, to the most important part – practicing the language that was presented in the first part of the lesson.

stage one (getting to know the chunks)

– grammaticality judgment tests and metalinguistic tasks such as “Why is X used here and Y there?” or “If you can say X, can you also say Y?”

– Let the students form sentences using the chunks.

stage two (reconstructing the original text)

– Do a cloze test using a partial transcript of the video.

– “Organize the chunks from the list in the order, in which they were mentioned.”

– “Reconstruct the original text with the help of the chunks.”

stage three (create your own text)

– “Write a recommendation for YOUR own favourite show.”

– “Reduce the text to a few key chunks and use them to record a podcast. Upload the podcast to our audioboom channel.

stage four (at home)

– “Study the chunks on Quizlet.”

stage five (a few lessons later)
– “Listen to some of the podcasts and write down the chunks you hear on small index cards.”

– “Use the cards to scaffold a short talk to your neighbour about your favourite film (discarding the ones used).”

stage six (after a few weeks’ time)

– Get back to the lesson with a dictogloss activity.

[ENGLISH] listening comprehension woes

The compulsory listening comprehension tests we have in our country are a daunting task for many of my students – not least because they are so completely different from real life situations. The tasks are stripped from almost any kind of helpful context, always ask only for specific details (instead of more general information), and require multitasking (writing and listening at the same time) at a frightening pace. Worst of all – the students have to switch constantly between languages as they have to answer in German while listening to an English text.

I have already written about the problems I have with listening comprehension tasks that require a great deal of multitasking in an earlier blog post. However, despite my pedagogical reservations I have to deal with these tests and I have to prepare my students for them the best I can.

For me, the secret weapon in dealing with those tests is the important skill of identifying context and creating the right expectations. This is crucial, so the students’ brains can relate to what they hear.

Therefore, I ask my students to not only read the questions before listening but also actually try to answer them before listening – Will the answer be a name? a number? Can they already answer the question (or part of it) just by applying some common sense? – This way the brain will find it easier to relate to the text instead of just processing indistinct bits of sound.

To demonstrate the magic of context and expectations I show my students this video, in which a couple talks in a sort of indiligible mock English. Despite this they are be able to understand a lot because of context clues and your expectations.